Carnivore Diet – You Need to be Getting Calcium EVERY DAY!

We have hundreds of grams of calcium stored in the bones, you don’t want to have to be pulling the calcium out of the bones in order to maintain the serum levels of calcium, you want to be getting calcium every day.

If we look at animals, which are not always the best proxy for humans, but in this case the physiology is equivalent or extremely congruent, we probably should be balancing calcium and phosphorus everyday in our diet, and meat is very high in phosphorus – if you eat a pound of meat, it’s going to have around 1,000 mg of phosphorus, well where are you going to get a 1,000 mg of calcium from in your diet, if you’re not eating an eggshell or bone meal?

Some people do dairy but there’s mixed feelings about dairy. So we have to think about where are we getting the calcium from to balance that phosphorus?

If we look at other carnivore animals like lions in the zoo, we know they get osteodystrophy if they’re not fed calcium, if that calcium / phosphorus ratio is off.

Humans probably need a 1 to 1 or even a 1.5 to 1 ratio of calcium to phosphorus in the diet.

There’s not a lot of calcium in a steak, there’s a small amount, but a very small amount and there’s a little bit of calcium in egg yolks. 1 egg yolk has 10-15 mg of calcium and a pound of steak has 25 mg of calcium, and so we’re looking at minuscule amounts of calcium. Even if you triple those, you’re still going to fall very far short of a 1 to 1 ratio of calcium to phosphorus.

Just test it! Test your N-Telopeptide, which is a measure of bone absorption and test your PTH which is parathyroid hormone.

The N-Telopeptide should be very low and your parathyroid hormone should be on the bottom quartile, the bottom fourth of normal.

If someone has a PTH (which is the hormone in the small glands that are embedded in the thyroid that modulates calcium for humans) if the PTH is above maybe 20 or 25 you’re body is working to pull calcium out of the bones, not good. And check the N-Telopeptide to make sure you’re getting enough calcium. And serum calcium is not a good measure of calcium intake.

Look at how much phosphorus your getting in your diet, a pound of meat is about a gram of phosphorus and for every pound of meat you want to have a about a gram of calcium in your diet

On the flip side of this discussion – is that people get worried because there was a series of studies from the 1990’s and the early 2000’s that showed that women, potentially men as well, taking calcium supplements had increased levels cornory artery atherosclerosis. However, that’s an indication of systemic vitamin K2 deficiency and it argues that, you don’t need to worry about taking calcium as long as you’re getting your fat soluble vitamins, which is even more of an argument to eat things like liver for Vitamin A, getting out in the sun to get enough Vitamin D.

Vitamin K2 is abundant on a carnivore diet especially if you’re eating animals that are grass fed. Muscle meat has a decent amount of K2, liver has K2, egg yolks have K2. We’re going to get enough of the fat soluble vitamins that we need to move calcium around the body in the right way. You don’t need to do calcium supplementation when you have the fat soluble vitamins.

On a SAD diet, yes, probably not a good idea to be mega-dosing with vitamin D and calcium because everyone is K2 deficient. So that’s the idea with calcium.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Paul Saladino – Higher Fat Carnivore, Food Poisoning, Electrolytes, and SIBO” Carnivore Cast, 21 June 2019.

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Fatigue, Insulin Resistance, Potassium Deficiency, Hormone Issues, Cramps on the Carnivore Diet? You may not be Getting Enough Salt!

On the carnivore diet (or keto diet) it’s reasonable to be eating 10-15 grams of sodium chloride a day to get enough salt!

Otherwise, the body will push the cortisol way up, because the body is trying to keep the sodium, it’s one of the mechanisms. So on the carnivore diet we can cause insulin resistance if not getting enough sodium.

Also, not getting enough sodium is going to cause us to waste potassium, because there’s a sodium potassium counter exchanger in the kidney, so when we absorb sodium we get rid of potassium. So we’re going to have to waste potassium in order to hold onto the sodium, and it’s hard to know which one the body’s going to favor.

We have so much more sodium in our blood than potassium. If we look at the concentrations of sodium and potassium, in the blood potassium is around 3.5-4 and sodium is around 135 or 140, so sodium is clearly very important and our body’s are going to hold that level of sodium in the blood very constant and it’s going to do that at almost any cost.

It’s going to give us insulin resistance in order to hold on to sodium! So low sodium diets are a very big problem! So when people go keto or carnivore and they get fatigued and they get electrolyte abnormalities or they see their hormones tank, it’s very likely because they’re not getting enough salt, and their cortisol is going way up and then they have to push up the aldosterone as well, all in order to save the sodium. So giving yourself enough sodium is a really important thing.

Our ancestors probably had access to blood which is very high in sodium, or higher in sodium, and fresher meat would’ve had more blood in it and been saltier than the meat that we get today.

And then there were things like salt licks, likely our ancestors probably realized that salt was a good thing and they probably would’ve had access to salty rocks. So yes our ancestors didn’t have access to salt shakers but they had access to salt licks which are naturally occurring in the environment so they would’ve had these.

Many people doing carnivore / keto, have issues with cramping and charley horses, this seems to be related to other electrolytes. For some people it’s potassium for some people it’s magnesium.

It’s not entirely sure why we’re not getting enough of these on carnivore diets or why we’re wasting them, perhaps it’s because we’re not getting enough salt, and sodium is causing us to waste magnesium or waste potassium but regardless it’s pretty darn safe to supplement with magnesium and potassium. Magnesium supplementation really does seem to help a lot of people in terms of transition into carnivore and in terms of muscle cramps, so it’s reasonable to supplement magnesium especially when starting the carnivore diet / keto diet.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Paul Saladino – Higher Fat Carnivore, Food Poisoning, Electrolytes, and SIBO” Carnivore Cast, 21 June 2019.

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Using Carbs as a Supplement

You don’t need carbs in order to build muscle, you just need an increased training stimulus. Just by increasing the load that your muscles have to lift and by eating a sufficient amount of protein, you can build muscle.

However, carbs can help! Carbs can be used like a supplement and can help improve athlete performance.

If carbs can give you a little bit more umph to be able to push yourself more, that means more of a training stimulus for your muscles! So if you use carbs intelligently and don’t use that much of them, this way your body is still sensitive to them, then they can be a useful tool in the context of athlete performance (given that you don’t have any health issues and it’s just 1-2 times per week, so you stay sensitive to them.)

So if you’re an athlete on the carnivore diet or the keto diet and want to stay in or near ketosis, you can use carbs as a supplement (not as a nutrient source) by having pre-workout carbs.

Pre-workout carbs can be in the form of a benign carb source like pumpkin or squash. Or you can use a super starch like Gen UCAN SuperStartch or Keto SuperCarb from Archetype.

The Keto SuperCarb Supplement is a mixture of fast digesting and slow digesting carbs, it also has beta hydroxybutyrate so you can stay metabolically flexible and have both ketones and glucose as a fuel source for your body to use.

The Keto SuperCarb is a little bit slower digesting, but it keeps your energy stable throughout the whole workout. Also, it doesn’t spike your blood glucose level and that’s a valuable tool this way you can remain near or at ketosis.

And you don’t get the brain fog! Because it allows you to hold onto ketones and glucose, so you can use both in your workout.

Source: Armstrong, Ashley and Sara, guest. “Strong Sistas – Ashley and Sarah – Optimizing Carnivore with Humor and Science” Carnivore Cast, 16 August 2019.

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Glycine, Methionine and Carnivore Soda!

Carnivore soda is a recipe of: sparkling water with a tablespoon of glycine powder.

Glycine has a sweet, sugary taste and tastes great! It’s a simple amino acid, and an amazing molecule in the body which helps with many different processes; there’s sleep benefits, muscle protection, increased collagen production, anti-inflammatory effects, improved metabolic effects helping to stabilize blood sugar and it can help reduce oxidative stress.

Glycine is super important inside the body so we definitely need it. Note that muscle meat contains a large amount of methionine, so basically you have two amino acids; glycine and methionine, the break down of methionine actually requires glycine, so if you’re consuming a bunch of methionine you could start depleting your ingenious glycine levels.

This is why it’s important to consume exogenous sources of glycine through glycine powder, or you can get it from bone broth, collagen powder, eating the skin of the animal and/or connective tissue and bones.

Glycine powder is not very expensive can be purchased on Amazon as a bulk supplement.

You can take a tablespoon every night, mixing it with water which helps stabilize the mind and really helps to improve your sleep.

Source: Armstrong, Ashley and Sara, guest. “Strong Sistas – Ashley and Sarah – Optimizing Carnivore with Humor and Science” Carnivore Cast, 16 August 2019.

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NEATs – One of the Best Tools for Weight Manipulation

NEAT is ‘non exercise activity thermogenesis’. It’s a measure of how many calories you burn throughout the whole day, not just during workouts.

Keeping track of your NEATs is one of the best tools you can use for weight manipulation. Yes, it’s good to track your steps, but not getting rid of exercise and replacing it with step tracking, it’s important to do both. If you just wake-up and workout in the morning and then you don’t move the rest of the day, that’s not healthy.

You can have really good control of your body weight, whether you want to gain or lose weight, by controlling your NEAT and your steps each day.

So you have a target step count that you do each day, and if you want to lose weight all you have to do is increase the step count, for example 20,000 steps per day if you need to shed fat. And this way you don’t have to lower food even more.

It also helps to motivate people to be active individuals, not just getting fit through a workout. How can you live an active lifestyle? Keeping track of your NEATs will allow you to stay leaner, eat more food, and just be healthier with increased blood flow and improved brain working.

For example you might be working out, doing Crossfit or HIIT workouts, and it can still be difficult to lose weight, just paying attention to this is a HUGE move in the right direction.

So for someone who’s trying to lose weight, let’s say they cut your calories to 1500 calories per day (just an example!), they’re super hungry, their body is tired. Your body’s smart and doesn’t want to be in a caloric deficit, so your body’s going to adjust to how much it moves so that way, the amount that you’re consuming is the amount that you’re burning. So it doesn’t have to work more. So your body’s going to adjust to the caloric load, for example you’ll stop twitching, doing random movements throughout the day.

So if you can keep your NEAT up to a certain constant level then you can keep your caloric expenditure at a higher level and it’ll be easier for weight loss.

If someone’s goal is building muscle, you don’t need to go crazy with your step count. You can stick to somewhere around 12,000 steps per day, which is pretty manageable and reasonable and won’t affect your lifts the next day.

If you have a PR day, you don’t want to push like 20,000-25,000 steps, but it is important to move the day before. To aim for something around 12,000 steps is equivalent to a leisurely dog walk and can even help with recovery. Obviously the amount of steps is person dependent.

Source: Armstrong, Ashley and Sara, guest. “Strong Sistas – Ashley and Sarah – Optimizing Carnivore with Humor and Science” Carnivore Cast, 16 August 2019.

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Can You go Above 100% Oxygen in your Body?

Yes you can! A pulse-oximeter only measures the number of red blood cells in circulation that have percentage oxygen that’s bound to them.

So oximeters are not measuring the amount of oxygen in the blood stream, if you have blood that’s saturated with oxygen, notwithstanding the red blood cells.

For example, you can actually saturate so much oxygen in the liquid of your blood, without the red blood cells, that you don’t even need red blood cells if you get to about below 3 ATA which is about -66 feet (20 meters) of sea water.

They’ve done studies looking at this in animals, and they use it in acute trauma settings where you lose so much blood so quickly, or if you’re a Jehovah’s Witness and you don’t want red blood cells or red blood cell transfusions, you can actually temporize people at these deep depths of pressure in a hyperbaric chamber because you’re saturating so much oxygen into the plasma itself.

Now it’s not ideal, obviously, we want to give people red blood cells if they need them, but in acute settings you can really do this.

There’s another example of this, if you get carbon monoxide poisoning.

Carbon monoxide is a molecule that gets stuck on the red blood cell and looks like, if you put a pulse-oximeter on your finger that you’re actually oxygenating well.

But you’re not. You’re actually dying, because that carbon monoxide molecule is not getting unbound from the red blood cell from the hemoglobin molecule and going into your tissue.

So pulse-oximetry is a good way to see how well you’re doing oxygenating your red blood cells, but it’s not a good way to see how well you’re doing from a mitochondrial O2 utilization perspective.

There’s only a few technologies that really allow you to look at mitochondrial PO2 and none of them are very cheap and it’s not an easy technology. Unfortunately, there’s no real easy clinical way to do it right now.

Source: Dr. Sherr, Scott, guest. “How Does Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Work?” Biohackers LAB, 8 August 2019.

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How Does Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) Work?

In a hyperbaric chamber they are doing two things; they are increasing atmospheric pressure and they’re increasing the amount of inspired oxygen that you’re breathing.

Most of what they’re doing in a chamber is simulating the pressures you would feel if you were under a certain amount of sea water.

If you’re under -33 feet of sea water (-10 meters), you are at two atmospheres of pressure. You have one atmosphere at sea level, and then another (a hydrostatic atmosphere of pressure) at -33 feet of sea water, so two atmospheres total.

Now above you, if you’re -33 feet below the sea, you’re going to have a lot of water above you, and water’s very heavy and that’s really what we’re talking about; the pressure.

So the pressure itself is because water is extremely heavy. You don’t feel like the water’s heavy because you’re weightless in it, but if you carry a bucket of water you’re going to feel that heaviness.

So the hyperbaric chamber is simulating that atmospheric pressure increase, using a certain amount of sea water equivalent.

The second thing they do in a hyperbaric chamber is increase the amount of inspired oxygen that the person is breathing.

At sea level there is 21% oxygen in the air that we breathe and the rest of it is pretty much nitrogen. If you live in a city, you’re getting some carbon monoxide and some other terrible gasses that are coming from gasoline fumes, etc.

Now if you take out all of the nitrogen and you just add oxygen to it, which is what they do in the chamber, now you’re increasing the amount of inspired oxygen that the person is going to breathe.

Now we know that red blood cells carry oxygen. We have a vascular system that has veins and arteries, the arteries bring oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and then they go into smaller and smaller blood vessels until the reach the veins and then the veins take blood that’s de-oxygenated and bring it back to the lungs to get it oxygenated again by way of the right side of our heart.

And when the de-oxygenated blood goes to the right side of our heart and then to our lungs, we take a breath in, the oxygen that’s in the air that we breathing (typically 21%) gets stuck on the red blood cells in the hemoglobin molecules, which there are four hemoglobin molecules per red blood cell.

Our bodies typically do a very good job using the oxygen in the air and creating enough oxygen carrying capacity to do everything that we need to do, as long as we basically have normal lungs.

What’s happening in a chamber, is they’re increasing the amount of inspired oxygen and so instead of 21%, the person’s getting 100% of oxygen, and they’re also pressurizing that oxygen at the same time.

Thing is, all those red blood cells are already pretty much already saturated with enough oxygen at sea level, so if you do a pulse oximeter on your finger, you’ll see a reading of 97%-99%. There’s not a whole lot more sites to really bind oxygen.

So the only ways you can really increase oxygen carrying capacity are by increasing the number of red blood cells in circulation, and that’s done through altitude training, through doping, things like auto-transfusions (so giving yourself more red blood cells), or giving yourself a drug like epogen, that increases the number of red blood cells in your circulation.

The other way to increase oxygen carrying capacity is what they’re doing in the chamber, and that’s by saturating more oxygen in the plasma, in the liquid of your blood.

When you saturate a lot of oxygen in the plasma, it’s actually liquid oxygen, that’s not actually bound to any red blood cells and this has a more significant ability to diffuse outside of the red blood vessel itself into the tissue around it.

So that’s significantly more potential to oxygenate your body.

So, what they’re doing in hyperbaric therapy is increasing atmospheric pressure, increasing the inspired oxygen to drive more oxygen into circulation to capacities that are impossible in any other way.

Source: Dr. Sherr, Scott, guest. “How Does Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Work?” Biohackers LAB, 8 August 2019.

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Mouth taping! Sleep Better, Correct Your Body Chemistry with Nitric Oxide – Nature’s Natural Bronchodilater

The issue of how you breathe is very important. Are YOU a mouth breather or a nasal breather?

Being a mouth breather, from an oral health perspective, from a body chemistry perspective, from a respiratory and breathing perspective is really important!

So maybe you’re wondering ‘what’s the problem with breathing through your mouth?!’

So here’s a little ‘Breathing 101’…

Noses are for breathing. Because noses warm, humidify and filter the air before we take it into our lungs.

When we breathe through our noses there are five levels of filtration; the fine hair in the nose, the mucous lining the nose, the sinuses that humidify the air, the adenoids filter as well as the tonsils filter.

If you breathe through your mouth, you’re bypassing the first four and relying solely on your tonsils.

Therefore, children with enlarged tonsils and/or children with recurring respiratory problems, if they’re breathing through their mouth, they’re not humidifying and filtering the air before they take it into their lungs.

When you breathe through your nose, 60% of the body’s nitric oxide is produced in the sinuses only. And nitric oxide is a very important body regulator, it’s anti-microbial as well!

If you’re breathing through your mouth, your mouth is dryer and you’re more susceptible to oral disease. Because of that, taping of the mouth is a wonderful thing.

A real life example, a patient came into Dr. Ron Ehrlich’s office for an orthodontic opinion. This patient was a 12 year old girl. Her parents filled out her history forms and Dr. Ehrlich spent an hour with her just going through her history, as he does with all of his new patients.

In her history it said she suffered from enuresis which is bed-wetting.

For a 12 year old girl enuresis is a problem. She’d already been to see a neurologist, urologist, psychologist, her parents had spent over $10,000, exploring a solution to this very serious problem. She had siblings that were eight and ten years old, neither of which wet the bed, so it was even more of an issue within the house.

Dr. Ehrlich, however, noticed that while she was sitting there, she had her mouth open and was really breathing at quite a high rate.

Ideally, apart from breathing through your nose, we also should be breathing around 8-12 breaths per minute. This 12 year old girl was over-breathing.

So knowing that she’d already been to all the other specialists and knowing about breathing, Dr. Ehrlich said to her parents, ‘Look, I think she’s over-breathing at night, I think she’s actually hyperventilating, and when you over-breathe like that what you do is eventually pump all the carbon dioxide out of the lungs and then you faint. Until the carbon dioxide levels are restored and then you’d wake up again.”

So what this 12 year old girl was doing, was over-breathing at night, which was pumping out too much carbon dioxide, and then that effected body chemistry. It affected the acid / alkaline balance in the body which causes smooth muscle to contract. Her bladder is smooth muscle.

So Dr. Ehrlich, suggested to her parents that she use some micropur tape on her mouth at night. The parents thought this was a crazy idea, but they tried it anyhow.

With the tape on her mouth, it calmed the girl’s breathing down, and it forced her to breathe through her nose. It also corrected her body chemistry and so her smooth muscles could relax instead of contract. And so in one night she stopped wetting the bed!

For adults – A lot of adults don’t wet the bed, but they do get up at night to go to the bathroom, and they don’t often associate that with breathing!

There are lots of reasons why you get up at night to go to the bathroom, ie. diabetes, enlarged prostate, a whole range of different reasons, but a very common reason that is often overlooked, is sleep disordered breathing.

Dr. Ehrlich himself religiously wears an appliance that holds his jaw slightly forward to make sure that he doesn’t snore and so it keeps his airway open. But that kept his mouth open a little bit, so he put tape on his mouth.

A tip for people using it: Don’t pull the tape off in the morning, because after a few days your lips will be very sore. Instead, poke your tongue out and then loosen it (it’s only paper micropur tape).

You will be surprised at the results.

There are basically three types of people when it comes to mouth taping ; 1) that think it’s crazy and so they don’t do it or even try it 2) they give it a go and find out that their nose is actually blocked and they need to find out why that is so. 3) That go wow, I just can’t believe that something as simple as this could make such a huge difference.

So you can actually use the tape diagnostically to determine whether you have a blocked nose or not.

Because as you breathe calmly through your nose and as your body chemistry corrects itself and as that nitric oxide is produced in the sinuses, it’s nature’s natural bronchodilator!

So the paradox here, is that the nose that you thought was blocked actually unblocks when you breathe calmly through your nose!!

BUT if you put the tape on and you go ‘Ah wow, no, not good! Actually I cant breathe!’ This means your sinuses are inflamed, you need to find out why. It could be a household dust issue, a mold issue, a food issue or there could be structural problems; a deviated septum, enlarged polyps or whatever, so you need to explore what that is.

But yes mouth tape is really good and there’s some excellent science to support it. For example there’s an excellent 2015 study in the Journal of Ofenware Neurology, which shows that mouth taping actually has quite an interesting effect on mild obstructive sleep apnea.

It also comes from a very long buteyko breathing technique, which is a Russian breathing technique, putting tape at night is apart of that very good program.

Source: Ehrlich, Ron, guest. “Dr Ron Ehrlich’s Prostate Cancer Success Story” Biohackers LAB, 2 August 2019.

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How do you build muscle? What are the requirements?

You have to stimulate M4 but you need a certain amount of lucine to do it, as well as a full compliment of amino acids. You also need to have enough calories, it doesn’t have to be too much, but you have to have enough.

So when looking at what’s the best way to get your lucine in? It’s clearly going to be that the indispensable amino acids are going to come from animal sources.

Therefore, if you want to maintain your muscle mass outside of animal nutrition, you’re going to have to eat even more protein to do that in order to get the right amount.

It’s like building a car out of car parts versus computer parts. Yes, you might be able to scrape together enough plastic and metal parts out of a computer but you’re going to need a hundred times the amount of computers than you are with a car that’s already sitting there.

Now, if we have a look at how to best stimulate mTOR, in regards to longevity… first, let’s think about what’s the absolute best source of protein that you’re going to need to do that, because you’re still going to want to stimulate mTOR.

Our muscle building capacity revolves around mTOR so you want to do that and you can couple that with resistance training or something that stimulates muscle growth, versus too much excess of mTOR stimulation through excess of calories, excess of insulin, the wrong types of protein and then perhaps stimulating mTOR in tissues where we don’t want to stimulate it, like our liver and such.

So when it comes to longevity… yes, it’s more nuance to think (just like anytime we learn something new), ‘oh my gosh, mTOR seems to be related to problems with growth and overgrowth and cancer and we got to make it zero!’

But the human body is far more complex than any of us ever imagine, and it’s not binary like that, you can’t just shut something off completely and expect good things to happen.

Source: Baker, Shawn, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Muscle Mass and Protein in Terms of Longevity

Longevity as it relates to meat is a non-issue. mTOR, yes it exists on the spectrum, and just like IGF 1 and all these other things, some expression of mTOR is phenomenal and necessary for growth, and some of it is too much and probably problematic.

A diet, however, that’s based on animal protein is not going to cause issues with mTOR or any other signaling pathways.

In terms of longevity…

Instead of looking at meat / protein on a meal-to-meal basis, for example in trying to get 20-30 grams of protein per meal and trying to figure out and calculate what is the most your body can process in one meal…

It’s better to think of protein, and amino acids in particular, in this vast reservoir of which we have of 3-4 day cycles of. So for example, as long as you get approximately 350 grams of protein over the course of 3-4 days, you know you’re good. It doesn’t matter that you didn’t have any protein on one day and 200 grams the next day, it sort of evens out.

The body’s great ability to sequester energy, in the form of fat – so that fat goes into fat cells, and carbohydrate go into glycogen stores, the body’s ability to take all these different things and save them for later, this is what we do that with protein…

So in terms of longevity and protein, it’s especially important to maintain muscle mass, this is a definer of longevity!

If you don’t have muscle mass than you lose organ reserve!

What that means is that over time as you get older and older, if you don’t maintain muscle mass, than you start to atrophy.

Your heart say ‘you know what, I don’t kneed to pump that much…’

Your lungs say, ‘you know what I don’t need to breathe that deeply…’

Your liver says ‘you know what I don’t need to process that much….’

And your bones bones say ‘I don’t need to be that strong, she’s not doing that much…’

And over time you lose organ reserve…

Then where you get into trouble…

You’re 80-85 years old, you get up in the middle of the night to pee, then you trip over the cat, and you fall and break a hip, then you get an pneumonia and you can’t cough out the sputum, and then you get congestive heart failure.

That’s what happens.

People rarely die of old age, they die of some organ that gave out because the organ reserve wasn’t enough to sustain. And and that goes back to muscle mass!

So you want to maintain muscle mass. And to do that you need to do the work, you need to exercise, and you need to have enough of the structural components and amino acids to make that happen.

Source: Sisson, Mark, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Create the Ideal Bio-Chemistry, the Ideal Chemical Energy in a Human

Humans really need fats or carbohydrates as fuel, protein as kind of the building block and in order to create the ideal bio-chemistry, the ideal chemical engine in a human, you want to have fat or carbohydrate, I’d argue that fat is a superior source of fuel, then with protein as building blocks and then all the nutrients you need to fill in the gaps to make all the bio-mechanical wheels and levers turn. And you get those nutrients from the other parts of the animal in conjunction with the muscle meat.

Muscle meat certainly has many micro-nutrients. If you look at the micro-nutrient profile of muscle meat and compare it with something like liver, they are sort of beautifully complimentary. You can look at zinc and copper for instance, or folate and other B vitamins that occur in the muscle meat like B6.

What this illustrates here is there’s a lot of zinc in muscle meat, there’s a lot of  copper in liver, there’s a lot of folate in liver and there’s a lot of B6 in muscle meat, so if you’re looking at B vitamins or minerals, combining the organs of an animal with the muscle meat gives you this more robust, complete compliment of micro-nutrients to make your biochemistry work.

Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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The Healthy User Bias and the Unhealthy User Bias

The healthy user bias is such an important point to note that, when we’re looking at epidemiology studies, in these observational studies we always need to consider the possibility that, whether we’re looking at increased consumption of fruits and vegetables or increased consumption of fiber, those can also be often associated with other healthy behaviors.

And maybe it’s the other healthy behaviors that are benefiting those people, rather than the fruits and vegetables or rather than the fiber.

There are some really elegant studies that suggest that’s very much the case. For example, there’s a study from Britain called ‘The UK Shoppers Study’, where they looked at vegetarians and they compared the standard mortality ratio of vegetarians to the general population. And what they found is what we see generally in Westernized populations, that vegetarians have a lower standardized mortality ratio than the general population.


Then they did a really smart thing, they compared the death-rate ratio (the comparison of the rate of death) of those vegetarians to non-vegetarians who also did healthy behaviors.

And they found that people who exercised, who didn’t smoke, who got sunlight and who did other healthy behaviors, low and behold, same death-rate ratio!

So all the benefits of being a vegetarian went away when they compared it to someone who had healthy behaviors.

This is probably what we’re seeing in all of these studies, it’s fake news, it’s unfair reporting and this misleading reporting, this is a real problem confounding these studies.

On the flip-side there’s also such thing as an unhealthy user bias!

The fact that when we see studies that say meat is bad for you, that meat is associated with decreased longevity, those are the James Dean types who are like ‘you know what, just screw it all, I’m gonna eat meat and I’m gonna smoke and ride my motorcycle and not exercise’ because in the USA and in the Westernized world, we’ve been told meat is bad for you, so who eats meat? People who are rebels!

Then in Asian countries people have been told, ‘meat is what rich people eat’, so the people who eat meat over there are seeing it as a health food or a reward or a status symbol.

But in the West we only see meat as a rebellious food. You’re gonna smoke a cigarette, eat a hamburger, eat some french fries and have a coke, because you know what, you’re fed up with everything. And that is a type of behavior that really makes it hard to separate whether it was the effect of the meat or everything else that person was doing.

Source: Sisson, Mark, guest. Saladino, Paul, guest. Baker, Shawn, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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The Nutrient Bio-Availability in Plants Versus Animal Foods

If you look at the nutrient bio-availability in plants, it’s very poor. People may say that spinach has folate, but generally if you look at the B vitamins in plants they’re only about 30% as bio-available as B vitamins in animal foods because they’re bound to glycoproteins.

The same is true for the minerals because of the phytates and phytic acid. To say that broccoli has the same about of calcium as milk or other animal foods is ludicrous because it’s not bio-available calcium.

So if we look at the bio-availability of nutrients, that is the great arbiter, that is the leveler when we’re talking about plants versus animal foods, and if you look at that in an objective sense, there’s no comparison.

And also, all these plant foods we’re eating are likely depleting us of these nutrients, so we might get a small amount of nutrients from plant foods but they don’t even compare to the animal foods in terms of the nutrients that are in them.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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70% of People’s Calories Come from Grains, Sugar and Industrial Seed Oils

70% of people’s calories in the USA come from grains, sugar and industrial seed oils. Note, that none of those three things contain any nutrition of any kind, other than calories.

In the case of sugar it’s empty calories. In the case of industrial seed oils, many of them aren’t even combustible, but they’re incorporated into cell membranes and now are affecting insulin sensitivities, they’re having auto-immune effects and are exacerbated by the inflammatory effects of all the grains people are eating.

If people could get rid of those three foods and go back to eating real food, then you will see that although the choices of real food are limited in one regard, they’re wholesome, they’re healthy and they’re very satisfying.

And you can get by on 30-35% fewer calories, without losing muscle mass, without losing energy, without getting sick and without being hungry.

Source: Sisson, Mark, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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The People Who Eat the Most Meat Live Longer

It’s just dirty reporting and it’s dirty science with an agenda in mind and they’re trying to push an agenda with these studies and the public is really mislead because if you look at it, there are plenty of interventional studies with meat that are a completely different story, they paint totally different stories about the health of animal products and if you look at epidemiology that is not interventional studies, that have been done outside of the Westernized world, they paint a completely different story because the ethos around animal foods is very different.

If you look at epidemiology studies in Asia, the people who eat the most meat, have the longest life, the lowest rates of cardiovascular disease, the lowest rates of cancer, it’s a completely different story, but you never hear about that on the news. -Paul Saladino

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We’ve Been Lead Astray…

The Westernized world has really been lead astray by these nutritional ideas that were based on observational studies, that were poorly conducted and misinterpreted, and we have forgotten the things that have made us who we are as humans and the most nutrient dense foods and we’re in this sort of crazy twilight zone now thinking we should be eating bamboo burgers. -Paul Saladino

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Is the Carnivore Diet an Ideal Diet?

First if we take a look at human evolution, humans began eating animals 2.5 million years ago – and that was a key player in our evolution, in the size of our brains. The nutrients found in animals was so crucial to who we became as humans.

Now if you reverse engineer it for a moment and have a think about, how do I get all the nutrients I need? And how do I get them all in the most bio-available forms? In this thought experiment – would you agree that the ideal diet would be completely nutrient replete, and have all the nutrients that a human needs, and in the most bio-available forms, and with the absence of toxins?

Can we agree that this is the definition of a good diet or perhaps the ideal human diet?

If we accept that, than it follows, based on significant research, that it’s pretty much indisputable that an animal based diet is going to satisfy that.

You have all the nutrients that a human needs to thrive, and in the most bio-available forms and there are none of the plant toxins.

As far as we’re aware of right now with nutritional science, there are no toxins naturally occurring in animals. (The idea of toxins with cooking animals is different, but there are no toxins naturally occurring in animals like there are in plants who use those toxins as defense chemicals.)

So if we accept that this is a reasonable definition of an ideal diet, a nutrient rich diet or a diet that could promote human health, it’s totally plausible to imagine that an animal-based, nose-to-tail carnivore diet meets that very well.

Now the nuance comes in with the fact that humans are all very individual. And some people can probably tolerate more-or-less plants on top of an animal based diet which can create variety. However, humans don’t require this to obtain all the nutrients that are bio-available, but if people want to eat those things, some people can tolerate more plant foods than others.

What we seem to observe, however, is that some people don’t tolerate them at all! Some people feel best when they eliminate plants completely.

For those people that can tolerate plants, even if just a little bit, it gives them some freedom to think that ‘well yes, maybe there isn’t anything good for me in this lettuce, or nothing I’m not getting in the meat and animal organs that I’m eating, but I’m gonna have a salad because I like it or because I’m just want some variety’ This is fine.

So a nose-to-tail carnivore diet could very well be a construct of an ideal human diet to which people could add plant foods that they tolerate, and as they want to, and hopefully with the idea that they would have some sense of where the toxins would be in those foods, trying to eliminate those most toxic plants accordingly. They might do just fine with adding in some plant foods and have some variety there as well.

And some people might do best on no plant foods, especially those who have severe illness, autoimmune disease, etc.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Today’s Animals Are MORE Similar to the Animals We Used to Eat, Compared to the Plants That We Eat Today

Meat has been meat for two million years, so as far back as humans go, or even arguably longer. If we compare that to other foods that we eat right now, if we look at even some of the hybridized fruit that we have, it resembles nothing like it would’ve been even 10,000 years ago or even 2,000 years ago. Most vegetables today, even broccoli, weren’t even introduced in the United States until around 1920, and people believe that we’ve been eating it for millennia, but we haven’t!

But clearly we’ve been eating meat, unless those caves and UNESCO and all the other fossil records are graffiti, which I don’t think they were. Those in my view could’ve been a menu! Like a restaurant with a menu!

The animals that we’re eating today are much more similar to the animals we would’ve eaten back then, compared to the plants we’re eating today.

Most of the plants that we have in the grocery store are hybridized, genetically engineered or have been bred in a certain way to be bigger and sweeter in terms of fruits or more edible. Many of the foods we eat now were never available to us even 50,000-75,000 years ago.

You couldn’t just walk in the forest and grab a leaf or a fruit, nothing was available! Occasional tubers and seasonal small fruits, which were nothing like we see today. Plants are very different now than they used to be.

Source: Baker, Shawn, guest. Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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We Can Survive But We Can’t Thrive

Our brain size has shrunk by about 200 ccs. It peaked around 150,000 years ago at about 1500 ccs and now modern homo-sapiens are about 1300 ccs.

That likely coincides with the fact that some of our food supply ran out. Some people make the argument that we were eating fattier sources of meat at some point particularly megafauna animals. If we look at the work of Lisa Smith out of the university of New Mexico, she shows the average mammal size at the beginning of the pliocene age (about 125,000 years ago) was about 500 kilograms. Now the average mammal size is approximately 9 kilograms.

So we had a tremendous loss of animal mass available to us to eat, so as that occurred…fortunately we were smart enough to figure out how to harness some calories from grains and other foods, and that’s sustained us and kept us alive as a population and it continues to do so today. However, it doesn’t help us to thrive optimally.

Grains and plant based foods are a sub-optimal source of nutrients, it can give us calories, yes, but they’re not very nutrient rich or bio-available.

This is a good news / bad news thing for the human body which is so resilient! We’re able to go long periods of time without eating our optimal diet, we can survive but we can’t thrive.

For example, during the Irish Potato Famine, people lived for six months at a time on shoe leather and seaweed. It wasn’t an ideal source of nutrients in any way shape or form, but it kept people alive.

So to our credit we evolve these different systems by which we can extract energy from different substrates, but that does not mean that it was either what we evolved and what our genes expect today or that it’s an ideal situation for us today.

Source: Baker, Shawn, guest. Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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The Cult of the Seed

Jared Diamond, a well-known scholar, historian and author, calls the advent of agriculture ‘The Worst Mistake in Human History’, he’s termed it ‘The Cult of the Seed’

If you look at the paleo-anthropology evidence from the Dickson Mounds and all the other fossilized records of people around the time when agriculture began 10,000 years ago, the health of humans clearly rapidly deteriorated once we became agrarians.

There’s evidence of many nutrient deficiencies, many infectious diseases, hyperostosis of the scull which is probably due to deficiency of multiple minerals and vitamins and the skeletons got smaller, they were more fragile. There’s plenty of evidence to suggest that that agriculture was a really bad thing for us to do.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Agriculture, The Starting Point of Our Going Wrong

The agriculture revolution 10,000 years ago was the starting point of our going wrong, we were hunter gatherers up until that point, we lived in small tribes, and moved from place to place because there was no way to store food. It was literally a full-time job to be scavenging, hunting and gathering.

And we’re not just talking about roots, shoots, berries and nuts but small animals, birds, lizards, snakes as well as whatever we could kill and certainly scavenging. A lot of anthropologists would say that our ability to feast on a previous kill was to able to sneak up and scare the other predators away, our ability to access marrow by, some say, the first real tool was a hammer to crack open marrow and get those juicy ingredients in there.

But about 10,000 years ago someone discovered that we could take these seeds and grow grains, which was a great source of calories and allowed us to stay in one place and allowed us not to have to move around from one ecological environment to the next, but stay fixed and as a result have more children and have more people to work the earth and create civilization and societies, so that’s where we started to go wrong, and what happened was the cheap source of calories started to supplant the quality of nutrients that we were getting largely from the broad variety as hunter gatherers.

Source: Sisson, Mark, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Why should meat be included in a healthy diet?

Meat’s always been included in a healthy diet. Meat is what humans evolved as a primary source of protein, and we’re not just talking about rib-eye steaks and tenderloin but also eggs and nuetes and small animals as well as large animals, we’re talking about insects, which was part of that protein offering for 2-1/2 million years, we took in in order to stay alive and build muscle and have the energy that we have to get to where we are today.

So meat is 100% apart of a healthy diet, in fact, I’d be hard-pressed to name a society or a group of people that ever survived without some form of animal protein.

If you look at the size of the human brain, it EXPLODED (figuratively). It grew quite rapidly around two million years ago, and most scientists agree that was the advent of humans, homo-habilis, homo-erectus, eating meat! Eating animals and that nutrition shaped the way our brains could develop in a very profound way

If you look at sources of bio-available nutrients, animal foods are clearly far and away the best of those. A lot of times plant based advocates will tout nutrients in plants but if you just look at the facts regarding the bio-availability and the presence of nutrients, animal foods are clearly the winner for those.

And that would suggest why the human brain grew so rapidly! Once we had access to these incredibly rich sources of bio-available nutrients of all sorts, eating animals became this key to sort of unlock our continued evolution as humans and it continues to be a huge part of what makes us healthy today.

We are uniquely adapted to digest and process meat. We have transporters in the gut that are uniquely designed to take up di and tri-peptides that are coming from meat. If we look at it, we were primates, we evolved as a primate and there are primates that have been eating fruit for 25 million years or more and their brain hasn’t developed, and so something had to have changed, and the discovery of either first and maybe possibly savaging meat and then eventually learning how to organize and hunt drove much of that evolution and we haven’t changed, there hasn’t been enough time to turn back into herbivores which some people are trying to do now which is kind of crazy.

Source: Sisson, Mark, guest. Saladino, Paul, guest. Baker, Shawn, guest. “Part 47 – The Great Meat Debate w/ Mark Sisson, Dr. Paul Saladino, & Dr. Shawn Baker” Peak Human, 18 July 2019.

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Is Fiber Causing Constipation and Sibo?! – A Total Shift in Paradigms

A study called ‘Stopping or Reducing Dietary Fiber Intake Reduces Constipation and it’s Associated Symptoms’ was done in 2012, with 16 male and 47 female patients.

The 63 patients were split into 3 groups; there was a zero fiber group, a reduced fiber group, and a regular diet group. All of the patiencts had idiopathic constipation, so 63 cases of idiopathic constipation, and what did they find?

The group with no fiber had 100% reduction in constipation, gas and bloating! Every single person in that arm of the trial had resolution of their symptoms, complete resolution!

So when they had zero fiber they had zero constipation, gas and bloating!

So this kind of gets to the idea that fiber, for some people, is definitely causing what’s termed as, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). It’s fiber that’s likely contributing to sibo in some people, and sibo can either be methane or hydrogen producing organisms. The methane producing organisms in sibo are known to be associated with constipation, because the methane is a paralytic for the gut. Often times hydrogen producing sibo will cause diarrhea, so this perhaps is the root of IBS diarrhea versus IBS constipation.

The idea here is that in people with constipation, by completely eliminating fiber, that lead to complete resolution of their symptoms!

When people have bad constipation, I always recommend them to do a carnivorous diet, which doesn’t have any fiber, and it’s often hard for them to get their head around this. Their doctor told them that the constipation is caused by not enough fiber, but that doesn’t seem to be what we see in the literature at all!

There are plenty of other studies as well that show that fiber doesn’t improve constipation, and then this study which shows that when you remove fiber completely the constipation goes away!

So it’s just this wild, we’re just shifting paradigms here, and everything is getting turned on its head!

There’s potential harm and no benefit whatsoever in constipation, and a clear indication that it could be harming in constipation, and then we can talk about all the other stuff with fiber too, cancer and everything else as well.

We’ve been obsessed with fiber for 30-40 years, and so many people are obsessed with how big their bowel movement is, it’s like the bigger the better, we’re finding the opposite too with the carnivorous diet, the bowel movements are smaller, because your body’s using all of the nutrients actually! It’s pretty remarkable.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 39 – Paul Saladino, MD on Everything You Thought You Knew About Food Might Be Wrong” Peak Human, 2 May 2019.

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The Made-Up Fairy Tale About Fiber

The fiber story began with a guy named Burkitt, he compared the pattern of diseases in African hospitals to western diseases in the 1950’s and 60’s.

So the story of fiber begins with this guy named Denis Burkitt who was a surgeon in the 1950’s and 1960’s and he went to Africa, to Tanzania and there he described something called Burkitt’s lymphoma which doesn’t have to do with fiber, but then he also noticed that people in Africa did not have the same incidence of diverticulosis that people had in Britain at the time, and he was very curious about this and so he tried to understand what was going on, as any curious physician would.

Diverticulosis is a condition of deformation of blind loops in the colon where the mucousal layer out-pouches, basically pushes out, through the musculary mucousa, forming these blind pouches, they’re called diverticuli and they’re often asymptomatic. They’re quite present and very common in the population, above the age of 50 years old, approximately 60-70% of the population has diverticulosis, which is the formation of these blind little pouches in the colon.

It’s not a good thing because these pouches can be the source of lower GI bleeding which can be quite life threatening or they can become full of food matter and occluded at the base of the diverticulum and form diverticulitis, which is a condition where the whole diverticulum gets walled off, it forms pus and it’s like a little mini appendix.

And that’s basically how you can think of diverticuli, it’s like all these appendices. We have an appendix in the lower right quadrant and that’s in the cecum, it’s a structure that may have some immunologic function with these pyres patches, and basically a blind tube, so when the appendix gets stuffed up with things or if the appendix gets closed off at the base it forms appendicitis which is when it gets swollen, infected and full of pus.

Well these little diverticuli can do the same thing, and so this incidence of diverticulosis was being noted in Britain at the time and Burkitt went to Africa and saw the people there didn’t have the same amount of diverticulosis that people in Britain did and he thought ‘What is going on here, what is the difference in what people in Africa are doing?!’ And [the people in Africa] were doing A LOT of things differently, but we now know in retrospect that he mistakenly thought that it had to do with fiber!

They were eating a lot of fibrous foods, he described these very large bowel movements they were having and he thought ‘Ah! that’s it, it’s fiber! It’s all of the fiber in their diet that’s protecting them from diverticulosis!’

BUT! The problem is that when we have studied this in the west it doesn’t seem to be the case at all!!

And this is when people really start to have their minds blown because if you go to your doctor and you have diverticulosis, they’re going to tell you to eat a high fiber diet, because unfortunately most of the physicians in the world don’t understand the research and they don’t understand that this isn’t the case at all.

There’s no evidence to suggest that fiber protects against diverticulosis, as Burkitt suggested, it’s sort of an old fairy tale that’s very hard to correct and there’s actually several studies that would suggest the reverse.

For example, there’s a study in 2019 in the journal of Gastroenterology, the title of the study is ‘A High Fiber Diet Does Not Protect Against Asymptomatic Diverticulosis’

This was a study of 2,100 participants and they all had colonoscopy from 1998 to 2010, with the colonscope they looked for the presence of diverticuli. They then did a survey to see how much fiber people were eating in their diet.

The results were shocking to the researchers (keep in mind this study is from 2012 so it’s not that old, but fairly recent) and the idea was that the more fiber people were consuming, the more diverticulosis someone had! This is completely counter to what people were thinking!

So not only does fiber not have a protection effect against diverticulosis but in this study there’s a harmful association!

Now we can’t say that the fiber caused the diverticulosis, but it’s pretty clear that the presence of fiber was not protective against diverticulosis as people would suggest!

There’s also a 2013 study clinical in gastroenterology and hepatology, “Constipation and A Low Fiber Diet Are Not Associated with Diberticulosis”

This is a cross sectional study, which was colonoscopy based, that showed that neither constipation nor a low fiber diet was an increased risk of diverticulosis.

So this one again puts another nail in the coffin, that fiber is protective against diverticulosis, because a low fiber diet was not associated with diverticulosis, and the study showed that constipation was not associated with diverticulosis.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 39 – Paul Saladino, MD on Everything You Thought You Knew About Food Might Be Wrong” Peak Human, 2 May 2019.

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Food is Medicine!

Food contacts your body every day, it’s the thing that comes in the most, yes you breathe some air and this and that, but food is DIRECT CONTACT with your body, it’s the one thing we can affect the most so we should be thinking about it the most…

We take milligrams or micrograms quantities of pharmaceutical drugs and they affect our body profoundly, and we’re putting kilograms quantities of food into our bodies, if we get down to the basic level, life is movement of electrons and food is electrons, food is sources of electrons for energy, of course there are micronutrients as well, but we are taking in kilogram quantities of molecules that have electrons. Those molecules, in addition to bringing us electrons, are signaling different things in our body, and we are getting 10 to 100 times or even 1,000 times multitudes magnitude greater than medications that can kill us or save our lives or profoundly influence us.

We’re using levels of food that are multitudes magnitude higher than that, so we’re getting huge amounts of molecules in our body from food which affect our cellar processes at every level, they effect hormones and our immune system and it’s just incredible.

Food is medicine and yes that’s passe to say but it’s one of the more true statements I could think of in this moment. There’s nothing in my opinion that we could do that is going to influence our bodies at a more cellular biochemical level than food, and of course sleep and stress and community are important, but food is just so many different molecules that are going to change the way we live and affect quality of live positively or negatively.

Source: Saladino, Paul, guest. “Part 39 – Paul Saladino, MD on Everything You Thought You Knew About Food Might Be Wrong” Peak Human, 2 May 2019.

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Zero Carb Diets Lead to Better Fertility and Measure of Health

Kelly Hogan was unable to have children until she went on a zero carb diet, and so it gave her back her fertility.

We can use fertility as a measure of health too, so the more fertile you are it means theoretically you should be healthier, you’re feeding your body the right signals and your body is producing the right signals and hormonal signals, so it’s always a good sign when you’re very fertile, means you’re doing something right

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Does Eating So Much Protein Inhibit Ketosis?

Protein can inhibit ketosis at a certain level, but I don’t think it’s because the protein itself is sending some kind of signal to say ‘let’s make more sugar.’ It’s not directly causing gluconeogenesis, I think what’s happening is that when you eat protein, you have an insulin response, the only thing you don’t really have much of an insulin response to is fat, protein is going to have some and carbs a lot more. But insulin and the insulin to glucagon ratio is one of the primary regulators of whether or not you’re in ketosis.

So if your insulin level becomes quite high because of a lot of protein then that could slow down your ketogenesis, and then if you don’t have as many ketones, your body still needs energy and so it’s going to demand more glucose from your liver, and so in that way, yes you might be burning more glucose in response to a higher protein diet than a lower protein diet.

But I don’t see it as interfering really with weight loss, in fact if you follow Ted Naemen, he’s been quite adamant about finding and showing studies where higher protein levels up to say 30% over 15% show superior weight loss.

It’s very controversial and I don’t want to side too heavily on the protein wars, but I do think that protein levels are not as much as something we should fear.

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Electrolytes to Help with the Keto Flu

Something that is really helpful in the transition with the keto flu has been electrolytes; salt and potassium and magnesium in particular.

And I think there may be some benefit to doing that transitioning to a carnivorous diet from a ketogenic diet as well, although I haven’t been paying attention enough do that idea until recently to know if that would be a universal idea or not, but I think it can’t hurt.

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Until You’ve Actually Tried it you Will Never Know…

I don’t think there’s necessarily any reason to avoid eating a plant if you show no symptoms of ill response to it.

In the kenogenic world you might think of a variety of conditions that people are using for ketosis for that you get immediate feedback on, like athletic performance, cognitive performance, epilepsy, weight…

And then there are people who are doing it just because there’s research leading them to believe that it might be good for longevity, but you can’t tell! I can’t tell today if having high levels of keytone in my blood for that last year has contributed to my longevity or not. And maybe it’s still worth doing for that, but I wouldn’t think less of anybody for not going on a kenogenic diet if they’re getting no benefit that they can see except for this theoretical benefit of increased longevity.

And so similarly I would not think less of anyone who’s tried a carnivorous diet and added back some plant, and saw no detriment to their health just for some theoretical benefit that someone might envision about eating a carnivorous diet.

In a certain sense I’m really a pragmatist about it.

On the other hand, I do think that when people eliminate plants from their diet and give it a fair chance, I’ve heard this time and time again, “I just can’t believe how good I feel from a very small change in diet. I was already eating mostly meat, I just had a few plants in my diet, and after a few weeks of removing those plants, I felt astonishingly better”.

Enough people say this, that I think it’s worth trying just for that because you could say “I eat broccoli and I feel totally fine” so there’s no reason to remove it but until you’ve actually tried it you might not know.

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Remove Irritating Plant Residue and Get Relief from Autoimmune Issues

About what kind of results that people seem to be getting, I wish we had clinical trials, and so all of this is hypothesis stage observation level but things I’ve seen again and again in reading forums over the last 8 years, that have been surprising, are autoimmune issues such as arthritis and asthma, or auto-immune looking things like Lyme Disease or Lupus, skin problems, and then of course digestive issues, because meat of course is very easy to digest, contrary to some common ideas.

Plants are actually not very easy to digest with all that fiber, it’s difficult on our intestines which we really have a lot less of the kind of intestines that our primal relatives and other herbivores have. We just don’t have a lot of capacity for fiber.

And so people who are suffering from for example, irritable bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and colitis often are getting a lot of relief from a carnivorous diet, just by removing all of that irritating residue from their diets

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Energy Problems on Carnivore? Eat more fat!

Although there isn’t a target macro level to hit or a level of protein that you’re trying to avoid staying under, I think that people who don’t eat fatty enough meat tend to not feel good.

You need to be selecting fatty cuts or you’re going to run into energy problems.

Source: Ohearn, Amber, guest. “The Carnivore Diet for Women (Success Story) – Amber O’Hearn” Biohackers Lab, 16 Feb. 2018.

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Solve Health Problems, Let’s Weigh that Against Whatever Negatives you can Legitimately Establish!

We currently have evidence for a worldwide epidemic of chronic illness, we can argue about how clear or how scientific the basis is for making claims about all the chronic illnesses that are plausibly related to hyper insulinemia right now.

So lets just stick with diabetes which is a huge problem worldwide.

Every 30 seconds someone loses a limb due to diabetes. Having a leg amputated is going to obviously have a far greater impact on they and their family than it’s going to in the affluent parts of the world. The prognoses is worse than many forms of cancer following diagnosis.

Their life is likely to be shorter from that point than anyone with a cancer diagnosis.

It’s a serious condition. Around a billion dollars per day goes for diabetes care.

If it’s true that eating a diet higher in animal products would lesson or maybe even reverse diabetes, than how do you weigh that against whatever negatives you can legitimately establish from animal agriculture.

You can solve a lot of health problems just by eating more meat…

For modern diseases to be blamed on an ancient food is one of the most ludacris ideas I’ve ever heard’

Peter Kleve

We’ve had ruminate animals for over 20 million years…

Source: Ballerstedt, Peter, guest. “Peter Ballerstedt on Cows Being Essential to Environmental and Human Health” Peak Human, 7, Aug. 2018.

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A Fundamentally Flawed Narrative

The popular narrative regarding a healthy diet often involves people characterizing numbers or data in their favor or providing a gross miscalculation on purpose.

It’s analogous to a rope. Imagine an old fashioned fiber rope. It looks and it is strong, composed of individual fibers. When you start to examine each of their argument separately one-by-one, each would is weak and faulty, and the entire narrative becomes so fundamentally flawed.

Source: Ballerstedt, Peter, guest. “Peter Ballerstedt on Cows Being Essential to Environmental and Human Health” Peak Human, 7, Aug. 2018.

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Getting Rid of Animal Agriculture Would NOT Make More Land to Feed People

People say that the majority of agricultural land in the USA is supporting animal agriculture and if we got rid of animal agriculture, look at how much land we’d have to feed people.

What they’ve done is they’ve included range land in the agricultural land estimate. And range land cannot be used for the production of human edible crops.

The airable land area of the world’s surface is less than 4%, which we’re losing at a remarkable rate due to soil degradation, due to development and urban expansion. A number of reasons that’s reducing the amount of land that’s available to us, airable land, that’s suitable for cultivation for utilizable food.

Yet four times as much land is what we call ‘range land’. The only food producing activity we can use that for is ruminant animal agriculture, the production of fiber that can then be eaten by ruminant animals that can then produce food and other byproducts for use.

Source: Ballerstedt, Peter, guest. “Peter Ballerstedt on Cows Being Essential to Environmental and Human Health” Peak Human, 7, Aug. 2018.

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Cows are Grazing, Not in a Feedlot

A beef animal spends most of it’s life and sometimes its entire life on pastures, even in the USA

Animals that end up in a feedlot are only going to spend a couple of months at the end of its life there, if that’s the channel is goes through.

But cows, bulls and replacement heifers probably are never going to see a feed lot unless they themselves as young stock are sent to market.

Most of their life cows are on pasture. They are on range land and/or integration grazing on corn fields and grass seed fields.

Cows are grazing, not in a feed lot.

In a feedlot, there is the grain fed steer and a confined feeding operation with grain. The steers are still getting hey or forage.

Less than 10% of the animal’s life time feed comes from grain.

Yes this doesn’t align with the common popular narrative. Animal rights groups have a loud voice and the mainstream media goes on that side.

The problem is, we are so removed from life on the farm.

And there is no equivalent on the other side, there’s just one unpopular narrative [against eating meat].

And with them facts don’t matter – I could refute every argument, misquote, misleading interpretation in order to maintain a position which is now apart of their identity.

If an honest man is shown to be in error, he either ceases to be an error or he ceases to be honest.

Peter Ballerstedt

Source: Ballerstedt, Peter, guest. “Peter Ballerstedt on Cows Being Essential to Environmental and Human Health” Peak Human, 7, Aug. 2018.

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Eat Meat & Improve Your Health & Improve the World

When people improve their health, they are improving the world.

One way for many people to improve their health is to follow a diet restricted in carbs, largely, if not solely based on animal products.

Eating beef is good for you and is good for the environment.

Source: Ballerstedt, Peter, guest. “Peter Ballerstedt on Cows Being Essential to Environmental and Human Health” Peak Human, 7, Aug. 2018.

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Safest Plant Foods

  • Avocado
  • Olives
  • Squash (a carbohydrate rich fruit)
  • Non-sweet fruits (like berries but they’re high in oxalate)
  • Cucumber without seeds or skin
  • Fermented foods
  • Detoxified vegetables (so they are less toxic!)
  • Occasionally: citrus, apple cider vinegar, kombuncha (just occasionally because the acid is not good for the mouth)

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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Add Bicarbonate to Balance

Most mineral water is rich in bicarbonate, but some is not and most other water is lacking bicarbonate.

This is an easy fix, add 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda to a glass of water. (1/2 teaspoon is 1600 mg of bicarbonate).

This will balance and improve glycemic control and improve mineral maintenance.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.


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Resveratrol – Is it Worth the Side Effects?

Reserveratrol is a plant molecule. No one wants to focus on the side effects. We are just so willing to believe that it does just one good thing, when in fact it does one good thing and has six other side effects that no one wants to talk about, because it’s a 30 million dollar industry.

It’s just like a pharmaceutical molecule because it’s a foreign molecule, it’s not from our operating system.

Remember, are we treating the root cause of the problem or are we just ameliorating the symptoms, and is it worth the side effects for what we are doing?

You can get all the benefits of this drug by just living a good life.

We have enough of these hormetic stressors already in our lives, we don’t need this molecule for hormesis.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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Fruits and Veg – No Benefit to the Antioxidant System

Studies show that 1-1/2 lbs. of fruit and vegetables per day for one week, four weeks, 10 weeks (!) have NO BENEFIT on the antioxidant system in the human body.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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Eliminate all the Grains and you Eliminate the Phytic Acid

Phytic acid is a plant anti-nutrient. It chelates calcium, zinc, phosphorous, magnesium in the body, rendering them unavailable..

Phytic acid builds up a mineral deficiency, which develops very rapidly in people on plant based diets. Because of the phytic acid, the nutrients just aren’t there or bio available.

Oatmeal is highest in phytic acid foods in plants and the phytic acid is very difficult to break down. Soy is also very high in phytic acid!

The phytic acid causes lack of bone health, frailness, leading to stress fractures, among other things.

Eliminate all the grains and you eliminate the phytic acid.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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Lectins Move to Your Brain and Cause Anxiety & Psychiatric Disease

Lectins are carbohydrate binding proteins found in a variety of foods, plants and animals. They are most present in plant babies, seeds, grains, legumes and nuts.

Note, the model of Parkinsons disease in a sea elegans worm:

The sea elegans worm is very similar to humans in the neurology sense!

They’ve observed transit of dietary lectins in the worm’s diet move from the gut to the brain of the work through the vegus nerve. Lectins can do this in humans as well! They can move to the brain and effect dopamine signaling!

This effects dopaminogic neurons which is what causes Parkinsons disease.

Notice how anxiety gets worse on vegan diets!

Lectins irritate the gut lining causing leaky gut, triggering the immune system, then physically move through the body through the vegas nerve into the brain, causes an immunologic reaction there leading to psychiatric diseases.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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The People that Should Pay the Most Attention

Anything can be poisonous if you eat too much of it.

We can tolerate a little bit of oxalates, but for the people who are sick…

Everyone should approach this information from the context of where they’re at from a health perspective…

People that are kicking ass in their life and are feeling really good can take a lot of it with a grain of salt.

But if people are sick, if people are not feeling good, if they have depression or anxiety or kidney stones or joint pain or chronic fatigue or…etc

The people who are the sickest are really the people that should pay the most attention because those are the people for which one of these little details could really be the difference and that’s the people that really need to think about doing the carnivore diet as well as possibly to understand how to achieve the best health.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Paul Saladino, MD: Animal Food vs. Plant Food, The Conclusion” Peak Human, 10 May 2019.

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Grains are not apart of Human History

The carnivore diet is an ancestral diet. Just zoom out for a minute…

Up until the agricultural revolution 12,000 years ago (just a nick of time) we ate meat, the vast majority of our diet was meat. The foods we are eating today did not exist 100 years ago. The vast majority of plants we’re eating did not exist throughout most of evolution.

Wheat, corn and rice were not eaten at all throughout human evolution and now that’s the majority of the food we eat.

Homo erectus has been around 1.8 million years. Homo sapiens 350,000 years. Neanderthals are extinct now, they were around for also around 350,000 years.

How long have we been farming rice? 3,000 years?? It’s the blink of an eye.

Wheat, corn and rice is a really new invention. Grains are not apart of human history.

We’ve adapted to some things, but to turn our original diet on its head is absurd.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Gaining Muscle Mass and Getting Perfect Teeth! A conversation with Dr. Kevin Stock.” Fundamental Health, 9 May 2019.

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Get Shredded on Carnivore

You can get shredded on the carnivore diet. You have two levers; 1) decrease calories 2) increase energy expenditure (cardio). Add cardio and gradually build it up while you gradually decrease your food.

Include fat cycling to help feel better and/or help with hormonal issues. Basically eat more fat on muscle building days, or every three days. Your protein should be high everyday, but you’re eating much leaner cuts, but then you recoup that on the 3rd or 4th day by eating higher fat that day.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Gaining Muscle Mass and Getting Perfect Teeth! A conversation with Dr. Kevin Stock.” Fundamental Health, 9 May 2019.

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Detoxify Your Food

Indigenous people spent hours preparing plants – all day long. Most plants are toxic and if you really want to eat them you better know how to avoid those toxins, or accept the consequences. Joint pain, insulin resistance, etc. Detoxify your food.

Source: Stock, Kevin, guest. “Gaining Muscle Mass and Getting Perfect Teeth! A conversation with Dr. Kevin Stock.” Fundamental Health, 9 May 2019.

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Everything Has a Bigger Story

So I have granola every morning, am I fucked?

If you’re not eating a lot of fat, and you’re eating granola and vegetables, if you’re following a more plant based diet then your body can tolerate the granola but a lot of people aren’t that lucky, either they’re metabolically damaged already and cant tolerate carbohydrates or they’re eating an unhealhier diet that’s not very plant based, so they get into trouble with the granola because when you have a lot of fat and a lot of carbs you run into problems.

Everything has a bigger story.

Source: Sanders, Brian, host. “The Unifying Theory of Nutrition.” Peak Human, 25 May 2018.

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